The output of above program is “4 8 4” on a typical C compiler. It actually prints size of float, size of double and size of float.
The values used in an expression are considered as double (double precision floating point format) unless a ‘f’ is specified at the end. So the expression “x==0.1? has a double on right side and float which are stored in a single precision floating point format on left side. In such situations float is promoted to double. The double precision format uses uses more bits for precision than single precision format.
Note that the promotion of float to double can only cause mismatch when a value (like 0.1) uses more precision bits than the bits of single precision. For example, the following C program prints “IF”.